Security analyst at the Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Centre (KAIPTC) Dr. Kwesi Aning has blamed the state and its security apparatus for its poor handling of the Fulani phenomenon.

He averred that the state has not only failed to protect its citizens but also failed in fulfilling its promise to ECOWAS on the protocol on Trans-human.

He was reacting to the alleged increase in armed robbery activities by persons suspected to be of Fulani extraction.

He stated that the residents of Agogo in the Ashanti Region, who about a fortnight ago embarked on a demonstration against the Fulanis must direct their anger on the state and not the Fulani people.

“The people of Agogo have been failed by the State and not the Fulanis. The anger of the people of Agogo and their frustrations must be directed at those who are enjoined by the state to provide security and to ensure that this protocol on trans-human is implemented to the full that prevents Fulanis from misbehaving.”

Per that protocol, which Ghana has signed on to, persons within the Africa sub-region are free to enter Ghana with their livestock which includes cattle.

Dr Kwesi Aning argued that the state has failed to execute the protocol to the letter which will regulate the activities of the Fulanis once they are in the country.

He explained that Ghana, as part of the protocol, is mandated to create a specific route or corridor for the Fulanis and their cattle to use, adding, the Fulanis must have specific entry points into the country.

He explained further that Ghana must develop grazing reserves for the Fulanis - obligations which the state has failed to carry out.

Aning further observed that most of the argument against the Fulanis have been emotionally driven and laced with deep-seated stereotyping which he described as unacceptable.

“If we were to disaggregate the number of Ghanaians who have committed armed robberies in this country and a particular ethnic group played a higher role in fire arms related robberies, we wouldn’t tell those people to be driven out of this country. Would we?” he quizzed.

He described as an “analytical weakness” perception that the Fulanis are behind the many violence being perpetrated across the country.

But the National Security Advisor Brigadier General Nunoo Mensah believes the practice of people - be they Fulani or Ghanaians - having their cattle free-range on people’s farms and wandering in peoples' homes must be outlawed.

He contended that having cattle graze in open spaces is anti-modern and needs to be regulated.

He told Joy News, the law must be enforced if it is in the statutes books, if not, a new law must be enacted to proscribe the Fulani phenomenon in the country.

“I don’t think it is right for anybody to free range and let cattle roam about and destroy people’s farms. So whether indeed it is the Fulani or Ghanaian group who tend to these cattle it should be proscribed.

“If there is no law yet we need to have a law to proscribe the free ranging of cattle in our country.

“…We need the law tool to control these people, he observed, adding that many of the cattle may be Ghanaian owned but with Fulanis herdsmen in charge."

He said if Ghana has the law, it will even be implemented at the country’s borders which serve as the entry points for these Fulani herdsmen.

“These Fulani people if they come across the border and we say that nobody is allowed by the law to do this in the country, [it will curb the Fulani cattle phenomenon].

He condemned the attacks on Ghanaians whether perpetrated by Fulanis or Ghanaians, swearing that government will do everything it can to prevent the attacks.